Dalle Grave, R., Conti, M., Sartirana, M., Sermattei, S., & Calugi, S. (2021).
This systematic review analysed published data on the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT-E) for adolescents with eating disorders. Of the 28 papers retrieved, eight (6 case series, 1 prospective cohort study, and 1 non-randomized effectiveness trial) met the inclusion criteria and revealed the following five findings. First, outpatient CBT-E is well accepted by adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa; it is completed by about two-thirds of participants, and produces improvements in eating-disorder and general psychopathology. Remission from anorexia nervosa is achieved by about 50% of patients at 12-month follow-up. Second, outpatient CBT-E seems more effective for adolescents than adults. Third, inpatient CBT-E for adolescents with anorexia nervosa seems particularly effective — about 80% of patients achieve normal weight by 12-month follow-up. Fourth, CBT-E also seems promising for adolescents who are not underweight. Fifth, CBT-E appears to yield similar outcomes to FBT in terms of weight regain and eating-disorder and general psychopathology improvements at 6- and 12-month follow-up. The fourth and fifth findings derive from a single study and require confirmation. In conclusion, CBT-E is a viable and promising treatment for adolescents with eating disorders.
Dalle Grave, R., Conti, M., Sartirana, M., Sermattei, S., & Calugi, S. (2021). Enhanced cognitive behaviour therapy for adolescents with eating disorders: A systematic review of current status and future perspectives. IJEDO, 3, 1-11. doi:10.32044/ijedo.2021.01 Full Text